The first responders who serve us every day—be they firefighters, police, national guard, etc.—have long been responsible for managing their own critical data and preplans. They generate them, update them, fine tune them, and use them in both large scale events and day to day responses. This allows them to have quicker, better informed responses to help save lives and property.
The public and private schools that are responsible for our children have a duty not only to educate them, but also to ensure their safety while they are on the premises. Most schools have event response plans. They create them, maintain them, and, if an emergency does occur, use them to aid their responses. The idea is to make sure staff and students know what steps to take to mitigate loss of property and life.